Lower back pain – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

DR. MD. Rayhan Hossain, Nimr, Oman: Don’t worry at all about your lower back pain as because this is a very common symptom from adolescence to old age. Around 50% of the general population experiences back pain over the course of a year cause significant pain & suffering. Good to know that the vast majority of people have short term back pain & recover within a few weeks even without treatment.

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Let’s know what is causing your low back pain: A back muscle strain or ligament strain is one of the most common causes of acute lower back pain, lifting a heavy object, turning or a sudden movement can cause muscle or ligament stretch. Other diseases causing low back pain: 1. Degenerative disc disease 2. Herniated Disc 3. Spondylolisthesis 4. Osteoarthritis 5. Spinal stenosis 6. Spinal compression fracture.

Who are on risk to develop low back pain: 1. Aging: Age above 30 to 60 are more likely to develop low back pain. 2. Occupational hazards: Any job that requires repetitive bending and lifting. 3. Sedentary lifestyle: Lack of regular exercise increases risks for occurrence 4. Excess body weight: Being overweight increases stress on the lower back which causes low back pain.

When you should seek immediate treatment: In maximum causes immediate treatment is not required If the pain is not accompanied by any of the following symptoms: 1. Fever & chills 2. Unexplained recent weight loss 3. Significant leg weakness 4. Sudden bowel & bladder incontinence 5. Sudden severe continuous abdominal pain. 6. When Pain causing inability to stand up from sitting position.

Just follow the tips & keep away from your low back pain: 1. Rest: Ceasing activity for a few days allows injured tissue & even nerve roots to begin to heal which in turn will help relieve lower back pain 2. Heat & Ice pack: Hit or cold therapy to the paining area helps to relieve most type of low back pain by reducing inflammation 3. Good posture: keeping the right amount of curvature in the back takes pressure off the nerves & will reduce back pain 4. Chair: Consider a chair with a backrest that supports the curve of your lower back; sit back in the chair when you work at a computer. Your chair should have support your fore arms with adjustable arm rest that position your elbows near your waist 5. Improve your range of motion: The best stretching position for the relief of back pain is called the 90-90 position (lying on the floor, flat on your back, Rest the back of your upper thighs against the chair so that your thighs are parallel to the legs of the chair, hips and knees are both at 90 degree angles, at least 15 min, repeat this position 3 times in a day it will help you to break muscle spasm 6. Alternate between sitting through out your work day: An easy way to avoid risks caused by over sitting is to frequently alternate between sitting & standing throughout the day. The use of a standing desk is a convenient way to do just that.

Exercise for lower back pain: Exercise increases the muscle flexibility & strength & promoted healing by increasing blood flow to the injured site. Healthy muscle provides protection to the bones & joints. Typically an exercise program will be developed & taught by a physical therapist.

Medication: Depends upon the diagnosis of the patient. Medication must be prescribed by a Physician to avoid unexpected side effects.

Written by: DR. MD. RAYHAN HOSSAIN
MEDICAL OFFICER & In charge
Renaissance PAC Clinic, Nimr
SULTANATE OF OMAN

E-MAIL: DR.MRHOSSAIN87@GMAIL.COM

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